What are the signs of pain in dogs? It's not what you think it is!
Updated: Sep 5, 2020
PAIN, How do we know if our dogs are in pain? Dogs are the masters of disguise. For the most part, they get on with life. They don't complain. They don't feel sorry for themselves. They are scrupulous when it comes to coping with pain. An acute injury can cause a dog to display immediate physical signs or indicators that there is pain or discomfort. Quick and effective diagnosing and treatment can lead to a full recovery. However, often dogs are very quick to mask discomfort. Adrenaline plays a massive role in coping with pain and masking it. So when there is a ball present, or something fun, adrenaline rises with the excitement. This overrides their pain response and activates their prey response. When we see our dogs running after balls or frolicking on the beach with other dogs we often assume the dog can't be in that much pain if they are able to do that. It's easy to dismiss an injury when we see no obvious evidence for it. This is where it gets interesting. In the short term, acute pain is managed with adrenaline as a pain blocker. This gives the dog enough time to start using other parts of their body to compensate for any pain or tension being held in a particular place, thus reducing the impact of the pain in day-to-day life. Sometimes this can go unnoticed for years. At which point the dog's entire system and bodycan become highly contorted and disfigured trying to compensate for the original acute pain or injury. This is what vets and physiotherapist call deferred pain.
SO WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUT IT?
Early recognition and treatment is crucial in any soft tissue damage or muscle injury. Avoiding high impact exercise following an injury is crucial. Gentle proprioception work is helpful to keep the joints moving but at low impact. Proprioception is your physical awareness through space. For more information on low impact exercises please see the Ace Connections page run by Sarah Fisher.
FlOORING FLOORING FLOORING
As a preventative for injury it's really important to have a floor that your dog won't slip on. If you have sleepy floors then put down pieces of carpet or runners through the house giving your dog a pathway of traction. If your dog already shows signs of pain this will reduce further damage.
There are many behaviours that indicate a dog may be in pain or suffering. Some are subtler than others. Perhaps your dog doesn't want to climb the stairs anymore. Or maybe he doesn't want to put his harness on. Sometimes it's not subtle and we see our dog’s sociability decline and even become irritable with other dogs or us.
Subtle changes can be a sign of deeper-rooted problems. Don't leave it. If you feel something is up, big or small, talk to someone. It's easy to feel silly and think we are over reacting and that our vet or trainer might think we are bonkers, but in my experience, your gut is usually a good place to start. Early treatment and management can prevent life long and life changing problems. So talk to us, we are here to support every aspect of a dog’s life and education.